How to really help Manitoban families: Build a universal childcare system

By Susan Prentice,

Manitoba’s childcare system is staggering to meet the needs of parents and children, and recent signs give little confidence the new provincial government will respond effectively. Over a dozen community groups who are ready to proceed with building not-for-profit childcare spaces have had their promised provincial capital grants abruptly frozen, halting all expansion. Wait lists for childcare in Manitoba are at an all-time high, at over 15,000 names up from 12,000 just two years ago. Continue reading

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Reconciliation Lives Here: The State of the Inner City Report 2016

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Artwork by Kenneth Lavallee, Blanket Project Main and Logan 2016

By Niigaan Sinclair, Tamara Margaret Dicks, Timothy Maton,

This year’s State of the Inner City Report tackles arguably the most important issue of our time: healing and reconciling Canada’s relationship with Indigenous peoples. A year and a half after the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) 94 Calls to Action were released, this research documents community-based efforts in inner city Winnipeg to implement these recommendations and more broadly break cycles of racism and colonization. Continue reading

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Filed under Aboriginal issues, inequality, Inner City, racism, Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Uncategorized

Don’t cut Neighbourhoods Alive!

By Jim Silver

The provincial government has halted funding for Neighbourhoods Alive! This is a serious mistake.

Neighbourhoods Alive! (NA) is a provincial government program that funds community development initiatives in thirteen low-income urban areas in Manitoba, including six in Winnipeg’s inner city. In 2015/16 the program invested $4.8 million in 182 projects in urban areas with high rates of complex poverty. NA has been instrumental in bringing about much-needed positive change in these neighbourhoods. Continue reading

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Portage la Prairie P3 decision fails the public interest test

By Paul Moist

Pursuant to new provincial and federal effluent guidelines, the City of Portage la Prairie is required to upgrade its wastewater facilities, known as the Water Pollution Control Facility (WPCF). The new Public-Private Partnership (P3) project has not undergone public scrutiny. Past examples point to P3s being more expensive than public management of these project. Continue reading

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Time to give back to Manitoba’s north

First published in the Winnipeg Free Press Dec. 6, 2016

By Lynne Fernandez

Those of us who were hoping that the Throne Speech would have details about a strategy for Manitoba’s North were disappointed. There seems to be a deliberate effort to not mention the Port of Churchill or the Hudson Bay Rail Line in any mention of the North. The absence is odd given the necessity of both for the regional economy and in the case of Churchill’s deep-water port, Arctic sovereignty. Continue reading

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Filed under Aboriginal issues, economy, environment, Labour, labour market, North, poverty, social enterprise

Responding to the Fentanyl crisis: Constructing better drug policy in Manitoba

First published on CBC online edition Dec 3, 2016

By Ellen Smirl,

Increasing tragic deaths from Fentanyl are raising calls to deal with this crisis. Evidence shows that controlling supply and criminalizing drug users does not address the root causes of addictions, which are complex and multi-faceted. Research shows that supports to those experiencing addictions, both harm reduction and treatment, are needed as this piece will discuss. Continue reading

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Manitoba by the Numbers: Population

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The first in a series
Compiled by Micah Zerbe, CCPA MB Research Affiliate

Population indicators

1,303,900 Manitoba’s population estimated by Statistics Canada as of January 1, 2016.[1]

16,200 The amount the Manitoba Bureau of Statistics estimates Statistics Canada undercounted Manitoba’s population number above. This impacts per capita transfers from the federal government to Manitoba.

1.71% Manitoba’s population growth rate from July 1, 2015 to July 1, 2016. Canada’s growth rate for the same period was 1.22%.[2]

1.6% Manitoba’s population growth rate for people aged 20-34 from 2014 to 2015.[3]

37.8 Manitoba’s median age in 2011. Canada’s median age was 40.0.[4]

First Nations & Indigenous people

21.0 Median age for First Nations people in Manitoba in 2011. This is due to higher fertility rates and lower life expectancy as a result of the impact of colonization and systematic oppression.[5]

17% Percentage of Manitoba’s population represented by Aboriginal peoples in 2011. Aboriginal peoples represented 5.6% of Canada’s total population.[6]

2.67% Expected 2016 population growth rate for First Nations peoples in Manitoba.[7]

Migration

10,400 Net migration to Manitoba in 2015, including international migration and interprovincial migration.[8]

6,971 Manitoba’s net interprovincial migration population loss in 2015. The loss in 2014 was 7,336. 2015 was the first year that the interprovincial migration loss had decreased since 2009.[9]

37.7% Percentage of Manitobans who left to other provinces in 2015 who were aged 20-34. This is the second lowest of all the provinces after Alberta at 35.3%. For Saskatchewan this percentage is 39.0% and for the Maritimes it is 43.7%.[10]

81% Percentage of interprovincial migrants who left Manitoba and went to Alberta, Ontario, or British Columbia in 2015.[11]

Immigration

6.2% Percentage of Canada’s total immigrants that were received by Manitoba in 2014. Manitoba’s population represented only 3.6% of Canada’s total population.[12]

13,300 Number of international migrants to Manitoba in 2015. This follows Manitoba’s record-breaking 14,600 migrants in 2014.

12,849 Number of immigrants in 2014 who came in the economic class (79.2%).[13]

1,831 Number of immigrants in 2014 who came in the family class (11.3%).[14]

1,495 Number of immigrants in 2014 who came in the refugee class (9.2%).[15]

85.1% Percentage of Manitoba immigrants in 2014 for whom Winnipeg was the final destination.[16]

1,100 Number of Syrian refugees that Manitoba welcomed between November 4, 2015 and August 7, 2016.[17]

22% Percentage of Canada’s privately sponsored refugees that settled in Manitoba. Manitoba also settled almost 6% of all government sponsored refugees.[18]

 

References

[1] Manitoba Bureau of Statistics, The Review 2015. [Winnipeg]. June 21, 2016.

[2] Statistics Canada. Table  051-0005 –  Estimates of population, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons),  CANSIM (database). (accessed: Oct 4, 2016)

[3] Statistics Canada, Table  051-0001 –  Estimates of population, by age group and sex for July 1, Canada, provinces and territories, annual (persons unless otherwise noted),  CANSIM (database). (accessed: September 19, 2016)

[4] Statistics Canada, Table  051-0001 –  Estimates of population, by age group and sex for July 1, Canada, provinces and territories, annual (persons unless otherwise noted),  CANSIM (database). (accessed: September 19, 2016)

[5] Statistics Canada. 2013. Manitoba (Code 46) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013. (accessed September 14, 2016).

[6] Statistics Canada. 2013. Manitoba (Code 46) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013. (accessed September 14, 2016).

[7] Manitoba Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Canada’s First Nations and Métis population projections – Manitoba highlights, [Winnipeg], 2016. http://www.gov.mb.ca/mbs/reports/pubs/demographic_impacts_2015/ mbs_demo_impact_2015_a2_statcan_aboriginal_projection.pdf

[8] Manitoba Bureau of Statistics, Latest Population Estimates: April 2016, [Winnipeg], 2016. http://www.gov.mb.ca/ mbs/pubs/de_popn-qrt-latest.pdf

[9] Manitoba Bureau of Statistics, Latest Population Estimates: April 2016, [Winnipeg], 2016. http://www.gov.mb.ca/ mbs/pubs/de_popn-qrt-latest.pdf

[10] Statistics Canada, Table  051-0012 –  Interprovincial migrants, by age group and sex, Canada, provinces and territories, annual (persons),  CANSIM (database). (accessed: September 14, 2016).

[11] Statistics Canada, Table  051-0019 –  Interprovincial migrants, by province or territory of origin and destination, annual (persons),  CANSIM (database). (accessed: September 14, 2016)

[12] Manitoba Labour and Immigration, Manitoba Immigration Facts 2014 Statistical Report, [Winnipeg], 2015. http://www.gov.mb.ca/labour/immigration/pdf/mb_imm_facts_rep_2014.pdf

[13] Manitoba Labour and Immigration, Manitoba Immigration Facts 2014 Statistical Report, [Winnipeg], 2015. http://www.gov.mb.ca/labour/immigration/pdf/mb_imm_facts_rep_2014.pdf

[14] Manitoba Labour and Immigration, Manitoba Immigration Facts 2014 Statistical Report, [Winnipeg], 2015. http://www.gov.mb.ca/labour/immigration/pdf/mb_imm_facts_rep_2014.pdf

[15] Manitoba Labour and Immigration, Manitoba Immigration Facts 2014 Statistical Report, [Winnipeg], 2015. http://www.gov.mb.ca/labour/immigration/pdf/mb_imm_facts_rep_2014.pdf

[16] Manitoba Labour and Immigration, Manitoba Immigration Facts 2014 Statistical Report, [Winnipeg], 2015. http://www.gov.mb.ca/labour/immigration/pdf/mb_imm_facts_rep_2014.pdf

[17] Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Map of destination communities and service provider organizations, August 25, 2016. Accessed September 16, 2016. http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/refugees/welcome/map.asp

[18] Manitoba Labour and Immigration, Manitoba Immigration Facts 2014 Statistical Report, [Winnipeg], 2015. http://www.gov.mb.ca/labour/immigration/pdf/mb_imm_facts_rep_2014.pdf

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